Rangeland Ecology & Management

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Maintained Grassland Areas

Maintaining & Improving Rangelands

Rangeland Vegetation Management & Restoration

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Desertification and land degradation, affects roughly 1.5 billion people and 20-25% of rangelands worldwide (United Nations).

Photo by: Austin Rutherford
  • Revised by Anne Gondor and Austin Rutherford, University of Arizona


    Sometimes the present plant community on a site may not meet your goals for managing livestock, wildlife, or ecosystem health. An undesirable plant community may require human intervention, where there are many strategies/methods available, to facilitate desired site- or landscape level transformations to meet management goals. Two of the most prevalent vegetation changes occurring on rangelands today is woody plant (brush) encroachment into grasslands and invasion by weedy species of forbs and grasses.

    Within this topic, there are many pages covering select concepts on vegetation management and restoration with tools and resources to achieve specific land management goals. 


  • Following the 280,000-acre Pony-Elk Complex wildfires in 2013, rancher Jeff Lord partnered with state and federal agencies to assist with range-rehabilitation projects in the Danskin Mountains. Lord hopped on his tractor and helped with drill-seeding range grasses and plants immediately following the fires, and the BLM and Boise National Forest also flew aerial-seedings the following winter. The Life on the Range video crew toured the Danskin Mountains with Lord and Boise National Forest range management specialist Cindy Lancaster in June 2019 to see how the post-burn fire rehabilitation and restoration work.

  • Utah State University Extension provides an overview of the need to restore sagebrush rangelands following Juniper encroachment and cheatgrass invasion.


  • This tool is designed to assist land managers with the rangeland restoration and/or rehabilitation planning process. The tool assembles information ab…
  • University of Arizona Cooperative Extension's easy to use platform to investigate potential species based on site characteristics and management…
  • This tool and publication provides an introduction and overview of a decision-making process called Ecologically-Based Invasive Plant Management (EBIP…
  • The US Geological Survey's Invasive Species Habitat Tool (INHABIT). This tool is designed to display outputs from models of exotic species as com…

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