Over the past several decades the public has become increasingly concerned about the uses and management of rangelands. People value rangelands as open space, a source of clean water and wildlife habitat, as well as for the forage, timber, and mining resources extracted from them. They frequent rangelands to camp, hike, hunt, and drive off-road vehicles. They may also wish to view rangeland plant communities and rare wildlife species in an environment that remains undisturbed by these other uses. Unfortunately, the amount of rangelands is decreasing as they are converted to residential, commercial, and industrial use.
This increasing demand for finite rangeland resources has led to conflict over the appropriate uses and management strategies for these lands. The complex policy issues surrounding rangelands are further complicated by personal emotions tied to the differing belief systems of the various stakeholders involved. In many instances citizens have disagreed bitterly over the perceived condition of these lands, the impacts of various uses on them, and the ways they should be managed.
The purpose of this section of the rangelands site is to provide a constructive and non-threatening venue for the public to explore the key controversial issues surrounding the use and management of rangelands. By aiding citizens to clarify issues, to analyze management alternatives and their consequences, to stay abreast of legislation and legal decisions regarding the issues, and to discover new techniques of conflict resolution, we hope to encourage an informed public that may more effectively engage in policy debate and work toward resolving conflicts over rangeland resources.
In response to conflict, organizations, initiatives, and others have pursued alternative methods besides litigation for resolving natural resource-based conflicts, and conflicts over rangelands in particular. The Udall Institute for Environmental Conflict Resolution uses Environmental Conflict Resolution (ERC), described as “problem-solving discussions among diverse parties, facilitated or aided by a neutral third party and aimed at finding workable solutions to environmental problems or issues.” ERC uses a “problem-solving” approach that seeks to “expand the pie” by searching for mutually beneficial solutions among stakeholders, rather than an all-or-nothing approach for one side. ERC can involve more than two parties – for example, ERC processes can involve, ranchers, homeowners, the Bureau of Land Management, and recreationalists. A neutral third party can help design processes that allow for more productive discussions among stakeholders and allow for the exploration of mutually beneficial solutions. Other organizations, such as the Malpai Borderlands Group, and the Quivira Coalition engage diverse partners to work collaboratively to protect habitat for wildlife species, landscape health, and sustainable ranching and farming. While there is much potential for conflict on rangelands, there are groups that are working towards viable and productive conflict resolution alternatives to litigation.
Conservation easements are legal agreements between a landowner and a qualified entity, such a land trust, government, or municipality. A conservation easement is a tool used to conserve private land for agricultural purposes or open space in perpetuity. The need for conservation easements arose out of desire to retain agricultural lands and open space, despite the fact that land sold for development can have a much higher value. The basic model is that a farm or ranch retains ownership of the land, but gives up development rights. When/if the property is sold or changes ownership, the conservation easement stays with the property. In return for putting lands under conservation easement, a property owner receives grant funding, tax deductions and/or tax credits. Given that around 50% of rangelands are privately owned, and increasing development pressure, conservation easements are one tool that ranchers and farmers can use to receive an economic benefit for conserving open space and agricultural lands in perpetuity.
- Arizona Threatened & Endangered Species: Listings by county for the state of Arizona. From the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services.
- California Threatened and Endangered Species: Lists by species within groupings like amphibians, birds, etc. From the California Department of Fish and Game.
- Colorado Species Concern: Colorado Division of Wildlife: Threatened and Endangered Species.
- Montana Threatened and Endangered Species: Montana Fish, Wildlife, and Parks Commission.
- New Mexico Threatened and Endangered Species: 1998 Biennial Review and Recommendations from the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish.
- North Dakota's Endangered and Threatened Species: Quick guide designed to list and provide information about the federally listed threatened and endangered species found in North Dakota. From the Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center.
- Oklahoma's Endangered and Threatened Species and Species of Special Concern: Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation.
- Oregon List of Threatened and Endangered Fish and Wildlife Species: A simple list giving common name, scientific name, and whether threatened or endangered. From the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife.
- Washington Threatened and Endangered Species: Lists endangered, threatened, designated, candidate, proposed, and 'of concern' species, with most linked to a page with a brief description and pictures. From the Washington Department of Transportation.
Featured Resources From the Database
Management of rangelands, and natural resources in general has become increasingly complex. There is an atmosphere of increasing expectations for conservation efforts associated…
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Contains an overview, links to the full text of the Act and several other categories of information including related Maryland resources.
The website introduces the endangered species in the U.S.
- Journal Issue/Article
This study was designed to provide information that might help resource managers understand the distribution of elk in Arizona as a consequence of seasonal variation and in response…
A two year study to determine the effects of four levels of grazing intensity on non-game birds.
One of eighteen science and technology centers in the Biological Resources Discipline (BRD) of the US Geological Survey.
An article about a new report from Utah State University titled "Wolves in Utah: An Analysis of Potential Impacts and Recommendations for Management" which debunks much of…
- Technical Report
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Provides taxonomic classification, conservation status and distribution information onÂ species that have been evaluated using IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. This system is…