Browse is the biomass from trees, shrubs, and woody vines that is available for consumption by livestock and wildlife. It includes leaves and small twigs, but excludes branches and trunks that would not be consumed. Browse is also generally restricted to species or parts of plants deemed palatable to animals, but this issue is confused by the subjective nature of palatability and alternative forage sources.

References and Further Reading

(Note: pdf files require Adobe Acrobat (free) to view)

Bonham, C.D. 1989. Measurements of terrestrial vegetation. John Wiley Sons, New York, NY. p.14.

Garrison, G.A. 1953. Annual fluctuations in production of some eastern Oregon and Washington shrubs. Journal of Range Management 6:117-121. (pdf)

Holechek, J.L., Pieper, R.D., and C.H. Herbel. 1995. Range management principles and practices. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ. 2nd ed. pp 135-136.

Society for Range Management. 1989. A glossary of terms used in range management. Society for Range Management. Denver, CO. 3rd ed. p 3.