The state of Sonora because of the sanitary status is one of the most important ports of entry for cattle into USA. However, there is not clear information regarding cattle exportation operations, showing ranchers and general public monthly tendencies related to volumes of cattle moved and their respective selling prices on each border port, so producers use this information to take decisions on their marketing projects. The objective was to conduct an analysis regarding actual marketing tendencies to USA classifying the information by border port, class and calf prices so we could identify marketing tendencies for beef producers of Sonora. We analyze monthly and annually (1998-2008) the evolution for each of the three border ports, the marketing behaviors of calf production in the state, as well as price fluctuation, and in a second background we analyze behavioral tendencies of exports. Data was analyzed by descriptive statistics. Results show that Sonora exports an average of 230,000 calves annually, 60% of which pass by Nogales. The commercialization process is a cyclic and stationary activity on which, demand and price are directly related to type of animal exported, weight, season of year, availability of grain and forage prices in USA, which are determinant factors in the behavioral trends â€œsale of commercializationâ€, consequently there is not an effect which can be attributed to the border port at were the marketing or cattle crossing is conducted. We conclude that this activity promotes the use efficiency of rangelands and increase the profitability of cattle enterprises.
GENERAL MARKET TENDENCIES OF CALF EXPORTS FROM SONORA, MEXICO TO THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Society for Range Management
SRM Orlando, FL